China Fieldwork Semester

CFS is an intensive interdisciplinary project-based student research program in Xizhou, Yunnan for sixteen 11th or 12th grade students, working together in a research collaboratory housed in a historic residential facility. CFS was founded by Dr. John Flower and Dr. Pamela Leonard and is facilitated each spring semester by CLI.

Introducing CFS


Program Description


Multidisciplinary Study of Place


CFS program content focuses on landscape studies as the unifying principle for research projects using a multidisciplinary approach: How do people interact with place, and how have those interactions changed over time?

The program’s four core subject areas are coordinated in a series of fieldwork projects:

  • History / social science research on changes in space/place and livelihood
  • Environmental science / landscape ecology research on diverse landscapes, ecosystems, biodiversity, and sustainable development
  • Chinese literature in translation focused on the cultural encounter with place in rural China
  • Intensive Chinese language at varying levels through tutorial and immersion related to projects (no prior Chinese coursework required)
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Program Methodology


The program’s subject content is sequentially organized around six core thematic units:

History Literature Science
Place Human geography, macro-regions; fengshui time and space; Empire and state formation Classics and Foundations: Book of Songs, Daoism, Confucianism, Tang Poets Geology past & present – the restless crust & materials of the lithosphere. Climate, biomes, ecosystem & community ecology
Dwelling Home; family structure; architecture; genealogy Lineage; civil society; Architecture and Power: Su Tong, Raise the Red Lantern Population ecology & biodiversity. Land use & water resources. Landscapes shaped by water & ice
Work Agriculture; handicrafts; markets; labor; merchants and trade Storytelling / Performance: Stories from a Ming Collection; Chinese Storytellers Agriculture & aquaculture. Ecosystem disturbance, habitat loss, invasive species, over exploitation & pollution impacts on landscape & biodiversity
Belief Temples, Buddhism, Popular Religion, and Revolution Chinese Modernism; Lu Xun:Selected Stories Human population & climate change impacts on landscape & biodiversity
Diversity Ethnicity, ethno-history, Tibet, construction of national identity Landscape and Identity: Mo Yan, Red Sorghum Tibet: Biodiversity & species decline; biological reserves, conservation & restoration ecology
Modernity Modernization and the developmental state; challenges and prospects Modernization and Irony: Liao Yiwu, Corpsewalker Urbanization, species & landscape management, ecotourism, conservation & sustainable development in human modified landscapes

Subject: History and Grassroots China


This course will explore local histories as counter-narratives to the History of the nation-state; environmental history and the changing cultural landscape of rural China; place formation and local identity along the ethnic and ecological frontier; and issues of economic development and sustainability in contemporary China.

The fieldwork activities will explore specific themes—home, work and exchange, ethnic identity—within which students will trace the arc of historical change from traditional patterns established in the late imperial period of the Ming-Qing Dynasties, through the radical transformations of the revolution, to the current period of reform and the transformed revival of traditional practices and beliefs in the process of rapid modernization.

Students will research particular features in the cultural landscape collecting survey data and then analyzing, synthesizing, editing, and uploading that data into an online database. The course closes with a unit focusing on historical interconnections of trade along the ethnic and ecological frontier between agricultural China and the pastoral Tibetans. Students will explore Tibetan folkways in comparison with the data from Xizhou, and focus on issues of sustainability in the fragile yet crucial ecology of the Tibetan plateau.

Subject: Chinese Literature in Translation


How can encounter with place inform our reading of Chinese literature, and how can that literature in turn shape our understanding of place? In this course we will explore literary works—from classical foundations to modernism to the ironic turn of contemporary fiction—in connection to specific fieldsites.

We will read the ancient classic, the Book of Songs, in the context of an agrarian society that still has a vibrant epic folksong tradition. We will explore local historical changes in architecture as we read the Su Tong novella Raise the Red Lantern, set in a traditional family compound, and we will encounter senses of place and memory in rural China through Nobel Laureate Mo Yan’s novel Red Sorghum.

Students will draw on those fictional representations of space to reflect on the explicit and implicit meanings of the built environments (houses) they are studying in Xizhou. In markets and temple opera stages, students will understand the social context of the rich story telling tradition that is the foundation of much of Chinese written literature, and encounter the popular religion tradition through the eyes of the early twentieth century iconoclast and ardent modernist Lu Xun. Our visits to these sites will enable us to make meaningful connections between place and literature.

Subject: Landscape Ecology


The Landscape Ecology course will focus on applied geology and conservation biology research. Students will investigate the diverse landscapes and ecosystems of Yunnan province—one of the richest biodiversity “hotspots” on the planet.

The course will be taught using case-based and problem-based learning, coordinated with hands-on field research in multiple sites in Yunnan. In this course, students will learn how to use scientific evidence to make decisions about conservation and landscape management. Throughout the semester they will engage in group work, debate, and develop critical thinking skills in evaluating literature and other sources.

Subject: Chinese Language


Students at all levels—from novice to advanced—will study Chinese language daily through intensive tutorial and through immersion in the local community of Xizhou. CFS program staff, including many native speakers, will teach students in small groups and individual sessions customized for each student’s particular level.

The curriculum for each level of Chinese language is designed to fit with the themes, site visits and fieldwork research projects in the other courses. Students will have structured language practicums and informal opportunities to immediately put into practice the vocabulary, sentence patterns, and grammar they learn in the Chinese language course.

Faculty Leaders


John Flower is director of the Sidwell Friends School Chinese Studies Program. Dr. Flower (PhD, University of Virginia) is former associate professor of history at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, and fellow at the East Asia Center and the Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities at the University of Virginia. His scholarship includes articles and book chapters on local history and folklife in China and Tibet, as well as the digital monograph Moral Landscape in a Sichuan Mountain Village, co-authored with his wife, Dr. Pamela Leonard.



Pamela Leonard received her PhD in social anthropology from Cambridge University, and served as adjunct professor of anthropology at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. She has authored and edited publications on China, “postsocialism,” and environmental issues, and worked with international NGOs on environment and development issues in China.

Tuition and Application


Program cost: $22,500 (includes international airfare and all program fees)

Tuition and financial aid from your home institution may apply.

China Fieldwork Semester Application

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